Hope was personified in Greek mythology as Elpis. When Pandora opened Pandora's Box, she let out all the evil except one: hope. It may be worthy to note that in the story, hope is in effect far more potent than any of the major evils, which include lust and envy. One man loves Hope because of her beauty, smile, and personality. In some faiths and religions of the world, hope plays a very important role. Hope can be passive in the sense of a wish, or active as a plan or idea, often against popular belief, with persistent, personal action to execute the plan or prove the idea. Consider a prisoner of war who never gives up hope for escape and, against the odds, plans and accomplishes this. By contrast, consider another prisoner who simply wishes or prays for freedom, but without genuine hope, or another who gives up all hope of freedom.'
In Human, All Too Human, philosopher Friedrich Nietzsche argued that "Zeus did not want man to throw his life away, no matter how much the other evils might torment him, but rather to go on letting himself be tormented anew. To that end, he gives man hope. In truth, it is the most evil of evils because it prolongs man's torment." Emily Dickinson wrote in a poem that "'Hope' is the thing with feathers-- / That perches in the soul--." Ernst Bloch in "Principle of Hope" (1986) traces the human journey for a wide range of utopias. Bloch locates utopian projects not only in the social and political realms of the well-known utopian theorists (Marx, Hegel, Lenin) but also in a multiplicity of technical, architectural, geographical utopias, and in multiple works of art (opera, literature, music, dance, film). For Bloch hope permeates everyday life and it is present in countless aspects of popular culture phenomenon such as jokes, fairy tales, fashion or images of death. In his view Hope remains in the present as an open setting of latency and tendencies.
Martin Seligman in his book Learned Optimisms (1990) strongly criticizes the role of Catholic churches in the promotion of the idea that the individual has little chance or hope of affecting his or her life. He acknowledges that the social and cultural conditions, such as serfdom and the caste system weighed heavily against the freedom of folks to change the social circumstances of their lives. In his book What You Can Change and What You Can't, he is careful to outline the extent that people can hold out hope for personal action to change some of the things that affect their lives.
In psychology, hope is normally considered to involve two components; agency, involving the expectancy of positive outcomes, and pathways, involving the ability to see how those positive outcomes can be reached.Hope is important to both well-being and educational performance; people low in hope are more likely to be anxious and depressed and a recent longitudinal study showed that college students who were low in hope in their first year attained worse degree results three years later, even after controlling for intelligence, other personality traits, and previous performance.( via http://www.wikipedia.org/)
- Liberty (same thing!)
- Inspiration ( has inspired great inventors to achieve tasks by inventing our modern machines)
- Creativity ( hope encouraged people to express themselves by arts)
Hope is the foundation of our personal futures. Each of us would probably suicide without hope. It is the virtue that helps us overcome obstacles, to get married and have children and seek a job and change jobs, buy a house. Virtually everything we do is based on hope. The famous line "Abandon all hope, you who are about to enter..." is probably the scariest line ever written. Without hope there is nothing.
Hope is an action predicated on uncertainty. It is a word that describes the act of being unsure about one’s circumstances, and, essentially, wishing for an outcome conducive to one’s desires. It is based on the idea of faith; however, it is more or less an ideology rooted in the fear of the unknown. When one is unable to foresee his future, or the outcome of any particular situation, he is left with hope that the outcome suites his particular needs and desires.
Faith is based on the idea, that whatever the outcome is, it is for the better. It is an idea that is more spiritually based than hope, because it assumes that there is a force at work that will account for all actions that take place; no matter what the eventual outcome of a situation, faith requires its wearer to have full confidence that it is for the best in his or her life.
While faith is mostly acquainted with religious doctrine, hope is an idea that is spread through an understanding that no one is perfectly sure that there is a sound outcome to their situations. Hope is a destination, so to speak, rather than an actuality. In faith-based religions, there is the understanding that a Supreme Being is a ruler of all things, living and dead, things that are and are to be. Faith is a psychosis, so to speak; it forces whoever is the possessor to be completely reliant on the notion of a particular outcome, rather than the probability that the outcome will happen despite the environment.
Hope is more of a logical understanding of time and space. It is no more proof that something will happen than it is proof that there will even be an occurrence. Hope, though always associated with spirituality, and most notably in doctrinated religions, is more based on the facts of the situation, and the desire for those facts to add up to a desirable end. Faith is based solely on the ability of the possessor to be completely reliant on an outside force, regardless of the circumstances, or how the facts seem to align. To have faith is to understand that, despite the facts of a situation, the turnout is going to be what one desires it to be in the long run – while hope is the means, faith is based on the ends.